The amazing Niagara Falls
An up and close look at the FallsThe twin cities of Niagara Falls are located across the Niagara River, one in the Province of Ontario (Canada), and the other in the State of New York (USA). Niagara Falls is about 125 kilometers southwest of Toronto, the major city in Canada. The Niagara River flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario and it forms part of the natural boundary between Canada and the United States.
There are two large waterfalls on the river, the largest in the Canadian Falls called Horseshoe Falls, and the two small ones on the United States side (American Falls). At the falls, the river drops nearly 50 meters thus sending the water at a high rate and volume over the crestline to the Lower Niagara River.
Even though the Canadian Horseshoe Falls is not the tallest in the world, it is the mightiest due to the sheer amount of water flowing (about 168,000 cubic meters per minute) over the crestline that is 670 meters wide. Also, the river runs incredibly fast above and below the falls.
The Niagara River is a major source of hydro-electric generation, about 4.4 gigawatts of electricity are produced by the plants on both sides of the border. The Adam Beck 1 power generation plant was commissioned in 1922.
The Falls attracts millions of visitors annually. Niagara Falls has earned her title as the ‘Honeymoon Capital" early 1900. It is estimated that about 50,000 couples spent time honeymooning in Niagara annually.
Niagara Falls on the Canadian side is more developed and popular. Along with natural attractions, there are man-made ones, observation towers, shopping centers, souvenir shops, museums, casinos, hotels, waterparks, butterfly park, Hornblower boat tours, Whirlpool Aerocar, and IMAX movie theater to enjoy.
Nearby Niagara-on-the Lake, a quaint township, has many wineries, antique shops, and restaurants. Ontario wines, especially the famous ice wines, are competing world over.