Thrissur: Following financial crisis and localisation in employment sector has caused a steady decline in the job opportunities for Malayalis in foreign countries. The number of people who return from abroad also is increasing.
As per the survey conducted by the Centre for Development Studies in Thiruvananthapuram, 34.17 lakh Malayalis work abroad in 2018 which was 36.5 lakh in 2014. A decline is seen in the number of people who go abroad.
When 24 lakh persons moved to foreign counties for job in 2014, only 21.2 lakh persons did in 2018. The number of returned expats was 12.94 lakh in 2018 which was 11.5 lakh in 2014. The number of expat Keralites was reduced by 2.36 lakh within five years.
The highest number of returnees is in Thiruvananthapuram and the second highest is in Ernakulam. Malappuram natives tops the list of expat Malayalis while Kollam is in the next position.
As per the expat census, 67.78 of the expats are professionals. 3.78 of them are engineers, 0.53 percent doctors, 6.37 percent nurses, 2.23 IT professionals, 11.85 percent drivers and 10.99 percent are salesmen.
Arab Emirates, America, Britain, Canada, Australia, Singapore and Malaysia are the main countries where Malayalis mostly migrate for employment.