Thiruvananthapuram: The unemployment rate in Kerala has increased 4.5 per cent more than the national average and touched 10.67 per cent. The census by state labour department showed the pathetic condition of the state.
The national average of unemployment is 6.1. Only Tripura and Sikkim are ahead of Kerala in the number of unemployed persons. The unemployment rate is 19.7 percent in Tripura and 18.1 in Sikkim.
According to the census in 2011, the population of Kerala is 3.34 crore. Among them, 35.63 lakh persons have registered as unemployed in the employment exchange. The number of unemployed was calculated based on this.
Compared to other states, the number of women labourers is very low in Kerala. The women in the state have higher educational qualification than those in other states. Due to this, the involvement of women in private sector is in the high.
According to the government explanation, the reasons for the high unemployment rate in Kerala are high population density, lack of space for industries, lack of raw materials and decrease of farming lands.
Minister for labour T. P. Ramakrishnan has said in the assembly that though 35.63 lakh persons have registered in the employment exchange, it does not mean all of them are unemployed. Many of them are working in private sector and abroad.
The government has formed many schemes to provide jobs to more persons. About 1 lakh persons were given jobs through PSC after this government came to power. 20,000 new job positions were created, the minister added.
(Based on: Central Statistics Labour Force Survey)