Niti Aayog’s Poverty Index is based on 2015-16 survey; proves CM’s claim wrong

MPI 2021, CM Pinarayi Vijayan

New Delhi: It has come to light that the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2021 of Niti Aayog has been formulated based on the National Family Health Survey IV of 2015-16. The fifth edition of the survey on 2019-20 had been released recently. Hence, Niti Aayog informed that the renewed MPI report will be soon released based on the new edition.

This has proved wrong the facebook post of Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan claiming that the unwavering commitment for social welfare amid the calamities that hit the state was responsible for the achievement of Kerala in the index. It was in 2016 that the first Pinarayi government came to power. Therefore, the CM's statement over the state’s achievement has become baseless.

As per the index, 51.91 per cent population of Bihar is poor, followed by 42.16 per cent in Jharkhand, 37.79 per cent in Uttar Pradesh. Kerala (0.71 per cent), Goa (3.76 per cent), Sikkim (3.82 per cent), Tamil Nadu (4.89 per cent) and Punjab (5.59 per cent) have registered the lowest poverty across India and are at the bottom of the index.

As a measure of multidimensional poverty, it captures multiple and simultaneous deprivation faced by the householdsb of the country. India's MPI has three equally weighted dimensions, health, education and standard of living - which are represented by 12 indicators namely nutrition, child and adolescent mortality, antenatal care, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, housing, assets and bank accounts.

(With inputs from PTI)

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