Groundwater level down by 6 metres, says report
Alappuzha: It is a matter of concern that the state will have to face drought after the devastating floods. The warning was issued in the groundwater availability report prepared by the State Groundwater Department. The report found that there was a depletion of 2-6 metres in the ground water level in the state. This kind of decline was reported for the first time. Varavoor, Aarthattu, Elanad and Vadakkethara in Thrissur had a decrease of 6 metres in groundwater.
It was in the last 10 years that the changes in ground water levels in wells was made a subject of study. A major decline was found this year. Groundwater levels is decreasing in 80 per cent of the wells in the state. When compared to last year, groundwater has drastically gone down in 75 per cent to 78 per cent wells under the observation of the groundwater department and 54 per cent of the other wells.
The groundwater crisis is grave in cities and Kollam tops the list followed by Kottayam, Wayanad, Kasaragod, Kozhikode, Ernakulam, Alappuzha, Malappuram, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kannur, Palakkad and Thiruvananthapuram. 756 wells in 14 districts were chosen for study. 340 wells of this were subjected to continuous observation. Rising temperature, decline in summer rains and climate changes have adversely affected the groundwater levels. Sand smuggling and drop in number of wetlands have also contributed to the depletion.
80 per cent of villagers in Kerala and 50 per cent of the urban people depend on groundwater for drinking purposes.