7-yr-old affected with West Nile fever dies in Kozhikode
Kozhikode: The seven-year-old boy who was affected with West Nile fever died this morning. Malappuram Vengara AR Nagar native Muhammed Shan who was under treatment in Kozhikode Medical College died due to the disease.
The boy had been under treatment for about two weeks after the disease was diagnosed. There was a slight progress in his condition for the past two days. The doctors had informed that he would be shifted from the ventilator. However, his condition worsened on Monday morning and the boy breathed his last.
A medical expert team from the centre had conducted thorough inspection in the house and premises of the boy at Vengara AR Nagar and Kozhikode Medical College the other day after the disease was confirmed. They had assessed that the disease is under control and there is no need of worrying.
Meanwhile, the disease prevention activities under the leadership of Malappuram district health department. Malappuram DMO Dr. K. Sakeena said that there is no need of concerns over the disease as no more cases are reported and the disease is under control.
West Nile fever is a virus infection typically spread by infected mosquitoes. Birds are the natural hosts of West Nile virus. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds. The virus may also be transmitted through contact with other infected animals, their blood, or other tissues.
A very small proportion of human infections have occurred through organ transplant, blood transfusions and breast milk. According to World Health Organisation, there is one reported case of transplacental (mother-to-child) WNV transmission.
WNV is maintained in nature in a cycle involving transmission between birds and mosquitoes. Humans, horses and other mammals can be infected. In about 80% of infections, patients develop few or no symptoms. About 20% of people develop fever, headache, vomiting or a rash.
In a very few cases, West Nile fever leads to encephalitis or meningitis with associated neck stiffness, confusion, or seizures. Recovery may take weeks to months. Diagnosis is typically based on symptoms and blood tests. The best method to reduce the risk of infections is avoiding mosquito bites.