18 per cent of edible items in state contain harmful pesticides
Kottayam: The presence of harmful pesticides in edible items is on the increase in state.
The study conducted by Kerala Agricultural University with the financial support of Department of Agriculture Development and Farmers' Welfare Kerala from July 2018 to December 2018 reported that 18.39 per cent of the food items available in the state contains pesticides. The report has been submitted to the government.
The quantity of pesticides is high in cardamom and dry red chillies. Out of the cardamom samples collected, 75 per cent of it contains pesticides in harmful amount. Most of the items contain seven pesticides including Triasophos, one of the pesticide that was banned in Kerala in 2011. It was also found that the banned pesticides are widely used in Idukki.
The researchers have warned of setback in exports in international markets if the practice is continued.
Shockingly, 100 per cent of the samples collected of dry red chillies contained pesticides.
Details of study
- 560 food items were examined.
- 103 items contained pesticides' presence.
- 19.07 per cent of vegetables, 5.20 per cent of fruits, 52.94 per cent of spices contained harmful pesticides.
- 27.7 per cent of the products of farmer’s enterprises contains pesticides.
- 10.16 per cent of the expensive, organic vegetables contain pesticides.
- Rice, grams/peas, rava and soybean are devoid of pesticides.
- The banned Profenophos is present in curry leaves, grapes, dry red chillies and green chillies.
- Coriander leaves, mint leaves, red spinach also contains pesticides in harmful amount.
- The amount of pesticide in apple has reduced considerably while in red grapes has increased.
Products without pesticides' presence
Green spinach, beetroot, plantain (raw banana), ladies finger, bottle gourd, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, hyacinth beans (amarakka), colocasia, country potato (koorka), mango, elephant yam, drumstick, gooseberry, mango, onion, shallot, salad cucumber, tomato, ginger, banana, green grapes, orange, pineapple, pomegranate, chikoo, pumpkin, guava