Centre plans ‘Human Security Act’ against mob lynching
New Delhi: A ‘Human Security Act’ (Manav Suraksh Kanoon) to stop mob lynching and violence will soon come into force in India. The Ministry of Home Affairs has prepared a draft bill that proposes stringent punishment for the criminals who engage in mob lynching and it will also ensure compensation for the victims.
The bill will be submitted to the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) for final approval after being considered by the cabinet committee formed to study the mob lynching issues in the country and to take action on it.
Some of the higher sources told ‘Mathrubhumi’ that the demand for a separate law for handling mob lynching cases is prioritized. The cabinet committee also considers amendment of IPC and CrPC including new sections. Also they will propose solutions to prevent social media campaigning for mob lynching.
The cabinet committee headed by Union Minister for Home Affairs Rajnath Singh includes Minister for Law and Justice Ravi Shankar Prasad, Minister for External Affairs Sushma Swaraj, Minister for Road Transport Nitin Gadkari and Minister of Social Justice Thawar Chand Gehlot.
The committee had held its first meeting recently and will soon convene another meeting. The cabinet committee was formed following the Supreme Court order on July 17 which suggested legislation of a special law in order to prevent rising mob lynching cases in the country.
The court’s suggestions include special police officer in each district to handle the mob lynching cases, data collection and record keeping of mob lynching cases in every district, fast-track courts for trial and controlling of fake news and rumour.
Only 11 states have taken action in this regard despite the Supreme Court’s order. The court had criticised the laxity of the states when it considered the case again on Friday. The bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra warned that the chief secretaries of the states that fail to implement the order will be summoned. The case will be considered again this week.
Attorney General K. K. Venugopalan had informed the apex court that the centre is thinking of a new law and a cabinet committee has been formed. He also made it clear that the opinion of the states will be sought before finalising the draft.
The recommendation for death penalty for criminals involved in mob lynching cases was rejected after the discussions held in the committee. It had also discussed about asking the social media firms to prevent fake news and rumours and to work for time bound implementation of the directions by the authorities.
It has also plans to bring the Indian authorities of the firms under law if they failed to follow the directions.
Major recommendations in bill
- Mob lynching refer to the violent acts committed by an unlawful assembly of two or more persons.
- All members of the mob are equally responsible for the crime.
- If the victim of the attack is killed, the criminals will be awarded life imprisonment and a penalty of Rs 5 lakh.
- In case of lethal injuries, 10 years of imprisonment and a penalty of Rs 3 lakh will be awarded.
- In case of serious injuries, seven years of imprisonment and a penalty of one lakh will be awarded.