Is this the Kali yuga or the Dwapara yuga?
Sadhguru explains the science behind the cycle of four yugas with precise calculations and states that we are deep into the Dwapara yuga now.
What are yugas?
In the yogic astronomy, we divide the orbit of the Earth around the Sun into 27 segments, called nakshatras or stars. Each nakshatra is further divided into four equal sectors called padas or steps. Multiply 4 by 27 and it equals 108. These 108 units mark the 108 steps that the Earth takes through space. Each nakshatra corresponds to one half of the lunar orbit around the Earth. Likewise, the cycles within the human body also respond and correspond to the planetary cycle.
In a woman’s body, there are very obvious cycles of 27.55 days if she is perfectly healthy. In a man’s body, the cycles are less obvious and pronounced – they happen in a different way and are of a larger span of time. These cycles are happening continually in the solar system and in the larger universe. The microcosm and the macrocosm both are playing the same game.
But then you could ask the question, who should play whose game? If you think the macrocosm is going to play your game, you are mistaken and you will be simply wasting your life. But instead, if you play the macrocosm’s game, your life will be beyond your expectations.
The precession (caused by gradual rotation of the Earth’s axis) of the equinoxes is the period of time that it takes the Earth’s axis to pass through one complete cycle of the zodiac. It takes the planet 72 years to pass through one degree of the zodiac and 25,920 years to complete one full circle of 360 degrees. One half of the journey, either the descending or the ascending journey takes 12,960 years and in that time, each half will cover all the four yugas. Kali Yuga lasts 1296 years, Dwapara Yuga lasts 2592 years, double as many years as the Kali yuga, Treta Yuga lasts 3888 years, three times that of the Kali yuga and Satya Yuga lasts 5184 years, 4 times that of the Kaliyuga. These four yugas put together come to a total of 12,960 years. The two Kali yugas reach us one after the other because they appear at the bottom of the ellipse and hence we could say that Kaliyuga stretches for a period of 2592 yrs. Likewise, the two Satya yugas reach us one after the other because they appear at the top of the ellipse and hence the Satya yuga stretches for a period of 12,960 yrs.
We are in the Dwapara Yuga
The story of Mahabharat needs to be seen in a certain context. In 3140 BCE, the Kurukshetra War ended, and in 3102 BCE, Krishna left his body. Three to four months after the war, the Kali Yuga began. As of 2012 AD, Krishna’s era ended 5,114 years ago. If you subtract 2592, which is the cumulative number of years of the two Kali Yugas that are at the bottom of the ellipse which describes the axial precession, you arrive at 2522 years. That means, we have already completed 2522 years of Dwapara Yuga, and since its total duration is 2592 years, we still have 70 years until its completion. In the year 2082, we will complete Dwapara Yuga and move on to Treta Yuga.
The world will go through another upheaval, not necessarily in terms of war but probably in terms of population explosion and natural calamities before moving on to this new era of wellbeing and upward movement of human consciousness.
How does the yugas affect Human Consciousness?
The solar system with the Sun and the planets around it is moving in the galaxy at a steady pace. It takes 25,920 years for our solar system to complete one cycle around a larger star. From the effects that are noticeable upon the planet, we assume that this super star, around which our system is revolving, is not located in the centre of the orbit, but somewhere to the side. Whenever our solar system gets closer to this super star, all the creatures belonging to this system rise to greater possibilities and whenever our system moves away from it, the creatures descend to theri lowest level of possibility – and that period... we refer to as the Kali Yuga.
When our solar system is closest to the “Super Sun,” what we refer to as the Satya Yuga begins. The human mind will be at its highest potential during that period, which is quite long - 12,960 yrs. One’s ability to be acquainted with life, one’s ability to communicate, one’s ability to live joyfully, everything will be at its peak. Without any external prompting, people will turn wiser and more competent.
For peace and contentment to prevail on this earth, what else do we need, other than human beings who are sensible and joyful?
The ether level and spirituality
In Satya Yuga, human ability to communicate will be at its peak because the etheric sphere will be very close to the planet. When the ether level is very high, if I want to convey something to you, I do not even have to say it. Even if my eyes are closed, it will get across to you. When the ether level is a little high, I may not be able to communicate to you with my eyes shut, but if I open my eyes and look at you, you will know what I wish to convey.
The ether level in dense forests will be high because of such concentrated life energy. Your vision is blocked to some extent, but after some time, you realise that you are able to recognise things by their smell. You do not have to apply your sense of sight much. Most animals that live there differentiate things by their smell and they tend to make use of their sense of hearing more. In fact, if you talk much, the beings that live in the forests get confused.
On the other hand, when the ether level is very low, you have to keep talking, repeating things again and again – otherwise, people will not get the hang of it. Even when you talk, they find it difficult to understand the profundity of what you are speaking about. The ether content in the atmosphere determines how sensitive you will be in terms of your ability to communicate.
At the same time, no matter which time, which yuga, which planetary position you are in right now, every individual human being has the capacity to rise above all this. Even in the worst of times; that possibility for one to sustain the golden era within oneself remains unhindered.
It is possible to enhance the ether level or create an etheric atmosphere. Krishna has said, “During Kali Yuga, which is way down there in the Yuga cycle, far away from the Super Sun, the ether will be so low that there is no point in trying to teach people yoga, meditation, mantras or yantras – they will not be able to grasp it. Just teach them devotion. If they are devout, they will be able to generate their own ether. Even if one doesn’t have the dexterity to grasp anything much, with the aid of immaculate devotion, one can reach one’s goal.”
Thousands of years ago, our sages and seers had foreseen that as the solar system moves closer to the Super Sun, human intelligence will blossom to its core. The reality is that, as the solar system moves closer, as the ether level increases, the realization that your own body and the whole universe are of the same electric structures, that they are in effect - one and the same - will occur to you naturally.
Right now, we are moving towards Treta Yuga, which is the second greatest period that can happen in a cycle of yugas. It has been stated by Krishna again that after a break of 5000 years, a time will reach us which will be the golden age and that the glorious period will last for several thousands of years. We, the people who are living on this planet now will not make it there, but we can set the foundations for the coming generations and reel in the joy for having taken an active part in creating the necessary atmosphere that would facilitate the planet to prepare itself for those thousands of years of splendour.
This is not just predictions and conjectures – this is based on a deep-rooted understanding about what happens with the human mind in relation to the planetary system on which we live.
We not only live on this planet – we are the planet!
If you do not understand this today, you will understand this when you are buried. The planet understands that you are a part of it – only you think different!
The above said account fits relatively close with the modern astronomical calculation of one full precession of the equinox, which takes 25,772 years.
According to the Laws of Manu, one of the earliest known texts describing the yugas, the lengths are approximately 4800 years + 3600 years + 2400 years + 1200 years, for a total of 12,000 years for one arc, or 24,000 years to complete the cycle, which is approximately one precession of the equinox. These 4 yugas follow a timeline ratio of (4:3:2:1).
If we follow the chart of the saptarishis, that also indicates the same as mentioned in the article with a 300 yr transitional period in between every yuga.
Swami Sri Yukteswar, Yogananda's guru, among others, have disputed about what is said in the Srimad Bhagavatam saying that it is a miscalculation by the people who deciphered it and said that we are living in "Dwapara Yuga" as per the Vedas.