A migraine headache is characterised by intense throbbing or pulsating sensation in a specific area of the head. It is usually accompanied by nausea, vomiting and heightened sensitivity to light and sound. One should seek medical advice if migraine attacks occur more than five times a month.

Research suggests that genetic and environmental factors appear to play a role in causing migraine. Significant drop in the levels of the brain chemical serotonin, which regulates pain in the nervous system, is directly linked to migraine while stress, depression, low blood pressure and caffeine products are some of the common triggers.

Those suffering from migraine are advised to take warm or hot water baths and never cold water baths. Spicy food is advised and a pure vegan diet is to be avoided. Proteins in the form of eggs and fish must be consumed. Plenty of fresh water must be consumed at room temperature.                                                                               

Asanas for disease reduction:

The following are a small selection of simple asanas that will begin the process of recovery from migraine:

1. Sarvangasana - Shoulder Stand

Yoga

a)  Lie flat on your back with the palms facing down
b) Raise your legs & hips up, keeping the chin close to your chest
c) Support your lower back with your palms, lift your back off the mat while keeping your knees and back straight
d) Gaze at the point between the toes, breathing deeply through the chest. You may even close your eyes
e) Remain here for 3-4 mins then relax your palms and come down gently.

2. Paschimottasana – Queen Pose

Yoga

a) Sitting on your hips, stretch your knees and place your palms next to your hips
b) Extend your arms and grab both the toes with your fingers and thumb
c) Bend down from the pelvic region of the back, maintaining a concave back
d) Relax your shoulders and try to get your forehead between the knees, if you can’t get the forehead completely down, gaze at the toes
e) Gradually rest your elbows on the mat and stay in this pose for 2-3 minutes
f) Inhale, raise the head from the knees and relax

3. Uttanasana – Standing Forward Fold Pose

Yoga

a) Stand straight, keeping the knees tight in Tadasana
b) Exhale, bend forward without bending knees. Place the palms on the floor next to the feet
c) Stretching the spine, try to get your head as close to the knees as possible. You may place your palms behind ankle
d) Hold here for a few breaths
e) Inhaling, come up and straighten your spine, standing straight in Tadasana

Courtesy: AryaMarga Yoga