Have trouble sleeping? Then job stress may be blamed
Stress and sleep issues can often go hand in hand. It is deadly to have a stressful job, if one has a previous history of high blood pressure and impaired sleep. Impaired sleep and work pressure can lead to cardiovascular death in people with hypertension. A study by researchers of the German Research Centre for Environmental Health and the Technical University of Munich defined sleep as a time for recreation, unwinding and restoring energy levels.
It is must to have a sound sleep when one is stressed. But, unfortunately poor sleep and job stress combined with hypertension can be even more toxic. Today, more than a billion people world-wide suffer from hypertension. One-third of them are working class.
A study was conducted for the first time to examine the combined effects of work stress and impaired sleep on death from cardiovascular diseases in workers with high blood pressure. The researchers included people between the ages of 25-65. Compared to those with no work stress and good sleep, people with both risk factors had a three times greater chance of death from cardiovascular disease. Those with work pressure alone had a 1.6 times higher risk of cardiovascular death, while those with poor sleep alone had a 1.8 times higher risk.
The study also revealed that the employees with both work stress and impaired sleep had an absolute risk of 7.13 per 1,000 person-years compared to 3.05 per 1,000-person years in those with no stress and healthy sleep.
Being trapped in a pressured situation that one has no power to change is harmful to life but if you have high demands but also can make decisions can be good for health. So it is better for people with pre-existing risk factors to find an employment that foster autonomy and independence.
The most common problem seen in people having stress is the maintenance of sleep. Often people with stress have a disturbed sleep. They wake up in between for the call of nature or for having water. This is an insidious problem. Making changes in life by reducing work stress and better sleep can reduce the risk of cardiovascular issues. This study provides a wake up call to people who already have hypertension and impaired sleep.
Increased physical activities, healthy eating habits, proper relaxation and medications can alleviate hypertension and makes one feel better. The employers must also address the ways to alleviate work stress of the employees. They can provide stress management and sleep treatment in the workplace. Aerobic exercises, light walking, practising yoga, quitting smoking etc. can also have a positive effect on enhancing the productivity.
The different ways to improve sleep quality and duration that can help to reduce cardio-vascular risk includes 'stimulus control therapy', a method by which you are trained to associate your bed/bedroom with sleep. Another technique is 'relaxation training' which involves muscle relaxation. It is also important to stay away from electronic gadgets at least two hours before sleep. 'Sleep restriction therapy' that aims to limit the time spent in bed to no more than the actual time spent sleeping can also increase sleep efficiency by prolonging the sleep. Another important sleep treatment method is 'paradoxical intention therapy' in which one person attempt to stay awake passively thereby avoiding any effort to sleep.
A canvas is must for drawing an image likewise a healthy body is must for doing work. So if you are prone to such stressful environment, change your work if possible, from a social and economic stand point. Less stress and good sleep can make life healthy.