Anal fissure is a commonly seen in all age groups, especially in infants and small children. So I just thought of penning down the dietary guidelines to be followed in this condition.
What is Anal Fissure?
Anal fissure is just a small tear or a cut in the lining of the anus. This tear in the skin causes pain and sometimes bleeding while your bowel movements.
What can cause Anal Fissure?
The causes of anal fissure can be listed as follows
• Chronic constipation (Passing large and hard stools may result in increasing the tear and sometimes bleeding)
• Strenuous child birth
• Inflammatory Bowel Disease
• Crohn’s Disease
Dietary Guidelines in Anal Fissure
• Add more fruits to your diet- Fruits are rich sources of fibers and antioxidants and should be taken on a daily basis. Include natural laxatives like papaya, oranges, grapefruit and cantaloupe and pears. Prefer whole fruits over the juices.
• Vegetables are also a good source of fiber. Green leafy vegetables are rich in fiber and antioxidants, and improve digestion. Including cabbage, Brussels sprouts, spinach etc. in diet. Other vegetables like tomato, cauliflower, turnip, carrot, etc. should be used regularly.
• Whole Grains like barley, corn, oats, ragi, brown rice, amaranth and sorghum should be included in the daily diet in various forms. Avoid the refined cereals like white rice, refined wheat flour and its products.
• Use beans like kidney beans, chick peas, soy beans, etc. regularly in the diet. These beans contain soluble fibers, which have a property to absorb water and forms a gel like substance, this helps stool to pass smoothly through your bowels and improves the consistency. But soak these for at least 1012 hours so as to ensure better digestibility.
• Avoid caffeine containing foods, excessive use of coffee, tea and chocolates aggravates the symptoms. Limit the intake of such foods to one serving per day.
• Restrict strong spices and oily food in the diet.
• Keep a check on the intake on bakery items and processed food. Avoid those as much as possible
• Too much use of carbonated beverages, papad, pickles, and fast food is associated with increased risk.
• Follow a healthy eating pattern, avoid over fasting, taking heavy meals during evenings, excessive alcohol and too spicy foods.
• Increase the fluid intake; include fresh lime juice, clear soups, plain buttermilk, lemon grass water and tender coconut water in the diet.
• Your Physician may prescribe stool softener or laxatives for the better bowl movement.
You may easily control the situation with a high fiber diet, lots of fluids and a few lifestyle changes.
Eat Healthy Stay Healthy.
(The writer is a dietitian and nutritionist. Contact her at firstname.lastname@example.org for more details.)