Guidelines to take care of health after flood havoc
Though we are gradually recovering from the flood havoc, there are still many challenges to be tackled. The most important of them is maintenance of health. The dumped mud, piled up waste and presence of reptiles etc. cause troubles to the people who come back to their houses. Also, the threat of epidemics like leptospirosis are most likely to hit the already devastated land.
People need to handle both food and hygiene with utmost care to keep the diseases at bay. Many a people are still staying in the relief camps and others have returned to their damaged houses. However, everyone need to pay attention to certain things when it comes to health after a disaster.
Things to do at camps
- Relief camps have started organising health programmes. The health workers need to find out people who forgot to take the regular medicines and distribute them.
- Take necessary precautions to stop waterborne diseases, diarrhoea, vomiting, leptospirosis, typhoid, chickenpox and the like from spreading.
- Those who get into unhygienic water should consume preventive medicine for leptospirosis as directed by a doctor. Volunteers working in flood-hit areas also should consume preventive medicine. People who return to their houses also should take the medicine once a week for six weeks.
- Pregnant women should not use any medicine without doctor’s advice.
- Fever, rashes or blisters on skin, diarrhoea, vomiting or similar symptoms are found, consult a doctor immediately.
- Those who happen to sustain any injuries should take Tetanus vaccine.
- Use wells and tanks only after cleaning them. Even if there is high level of water in wells, at least three fourth of it should be let out.
- Mix 5 gram bleaching powder in 1000 litre water for cleaning wells and other water sources.
- Release complete water from tanks and containers and wash them thoroughly with bleaching powder.
- Water in bore wells also need to be cleaned up before using.
- Food items stored in the places submerged in water need to be completely avoided, even if they were stored in tins or cans.
- Use only boiled water.
- Plates and vessels for cooking and serving food should be sterilised using bleaching solution. To prepare bleaching solution, mix 150 gram bleaching powder and 2-3 spoons of detergent powder in 10 litre water.
- No food items should be kept open.
- Have food only after washing hands with soap.
Dress and bed
- Avoid using wet bed and dresses. Local bodies will help to get rid of them.
- Sterilise plates and dresses before using.
- Do not throw food waste carelessly. Perishing wastes should be buried.
- Paper and similar waste can be burned.
- Sort out plastic wastes and manage it with the help of local bodies.