Beware of Black Fungus, the new killer in action
Kasaragod: Recently, many fungal diseases, including ringworm, were detected across the country. However, black fungus (Mucormycosis) infects the patients who have recovered from Covid-19 recently and have low immunity.
Upto 50-85 percent of the people infected with black fungus also succumb to the disease in a short period. Even if recovered, they spend rest of the life with severe deformities.
Mucormycosis is called black fungus as it appears black in colour while seeing through the microscope. Black fungus affects white blood cells which becomes non-functional after Covid infection.
People who had to take steroid in high dose to overcome Covid and those who did not get nutritious food during treatment are more prone to the black fungal infection.
The doctors recommend urgent medical help for the patients. So, they start treatment even before confirming the infection. Upto 6 months of treatment is required for survival.
The impact of the fungal infection cannot be treated with medicines as it destroys the blood vessels. The patient can be saved by removing the infected cells, nerves and bones through surgery and continuous treatment only.
The skin infected with the fungus appears in black colour. If the nerves connected to the eye is infected, the patient loses eyesight. Then the disease affects the sinuses around the nose. After this, the fungus destroys the front portion of the skull and enters the brain resulting in death.
Who are more prone to black fungus
Those who recover from Covid-19, diabetic patients and people with low immunity are easily infected with black fungus.
People with uncontrolled diabetes, those who have low immunity due to high dose of steroid, people undergoing dialysis, those under medication for cancer, those with comorbidity, fungal disease patients and those who spend more days in ICU and hospitals are more likely to get infected with black fungus.
The fungal infection appears like black spots on forehead, nose, cheeks, eyes, teeth and palate. In some people, it appears like Conjunctivitis and inflammation on eyelids.
Vision becomes blurry and the patient may feel unable to move the eyes due to severe pain. Red spots on retina also is a symptom. The patient may experience an odorous discharge from nose, sometimes mixed with blood. Teeth may fall off.
If any discoloration is noticed around the nose or if they experience blurry vision, they have to seek medical help immediately. Chest pain, breathing trouble, coughing and blood while spitting also are symptoms of black fungal infection.
From soil to human
Normally, black fungus is found in soil. So, farmers who recovered from Covid and those who engage in farm works are more likely to get infected. The best way to keep away from black fungus is to stay at home in clean and hygiene environment.
(Source of information: Dr SR Narahari, Director, Institute of Applied Dermatology, Kasaragod)