Leptospirosis: Rats are not the only carrier of disease, says experts
Kozhikode: With the leptospirosis widely spreading in the state, the health department officials have warned the public that rats are not the only carriers of bacteria that cause the disease. Cattle also are as responsible as rats for spreading leptospirosis.
Dr. T. Jayakrishnan, the assistant professor of the department of Community Medicine in Kozhikode Medical College, told mathrubhumi.com that there are high chances of leptospirosis spreading from the urine of cattle.
Those who clean the cattle sheds must use proper safety equipment. Wearing thick gloves and shoes are essential while cleaning the cow shed. Cows, dogs, pigs and other animals are likely to spread the disease. But leptospirosis is not spread from human to human.
The health officials have directed to keep alert as the number of patients affected with the disease is increasing in Kozhikode district. Seven deaths due to leptospirosis were reported from Kozhikode so far. More than 200 persons are under treatment and 104 among them are confirmed with the disease.
The cases of leptospirosis are reported from the regions in Kozhikode where the disease had hit earlier. The experts are in view that the number of patients keep rising because the presence of bacteria still exists there.
An emergency meet convened by the health minister K. K. Shailaja had directed that the alert should be followed strictly for the next three weeks on the grounds of the increasing number of patients.
In most cases, the bacteria of leptospirosis come out from the kidney of cows, rats, dogs and pigs and are released through their urine. This infects human beings when they come in contact with the animal urine. People who have to touch dirty water frequently are more prone to the disease.
Leptospirosis can affect people from places where animals are grazing. So, people including those who work on lands or fields need to consume Doxycycline tablets to prevent the disease, experts noted.