Top five must-visit heritage sites in Kerala

Bekal Fort

Kerala is home to several magnificent structures and architectural styles which allure lovers of art and culture to sail up to its coast. Here are some astonishing constructions which every traveller perceives as compelling.

Bekal Fort

Kerala’s largest fort in Bekal was built in 1650 by feudatory chieftains Keladi Nayakas to guard Malabar from external powers. No palaces were constructed here as the fort had only guarding and mercantile purposes. However, the flight of steps and the observation tower have become the favourite sight for the tourists who flock to the fort.

The exterior of the fort, which is spread over 40 acres, is in contact with the sea.

Location: Beside Bekal Fort Railway Station, Kasaragod district

Nearest railway station: Bekal Fort Railway Station, Kotikulam Railway Station, Kanhangad Railway Station

Edakkal caves

Located in the Western Ghats in Wayanad district, Edakkal caves are the rock shelters on Ambukuthi Mala. The inscriptions of the Neolithic men on the cave walls attracted archaeologists from all over the globe to this hilltop.

The historical significance of the caves is first recognised by a British police officer Fred Fawcett in 1890.

Location: Nenmeni, Wayanad district

Sree Padmanabhaswami Temple

The 18th century temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu is considered to be one of the 108 holy abodes in Vaishnavism. The blend of Dravidian and Chera styles of architecture astonishes the devotees who reach here. The pilgrims are allowed to enter only after wearing dhoti into the shrine.

Location: Pazhavangadi, Thiruvananthapuram district

Thiruvananthapuram Railway Station and airport are nearby.

Krishnapuram Palace

Krishnapuram palace built by Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma in the 18th century depicts the architecture unique to Kerala. Paintings, including ‘Gajendra Moksham’, a huge pond, dormer windows, narrow and dark corridors allure the tourists who adore traditional styles of constructions.

Location: Krishnapuram, Alappuzha

Nearest railway station: Ochira Railway Station, Kayamkulam Junction, Cheppad Halt

Thrikkakkudi rock cut temple

This massive rock cut temple is a popular heritage site in the Southern Kerala. The temple built in Pallava style is dedicated to Lord Shiva and a three feet high Sivalinga carved in rock had been installed here.

The river Manimala flowing beside the boulders adds beauty and serenity to the location. Visitors are allowed from 6 am to 6 pm.

Location: Kaviyoor, Thiruvalla

Nearest Railway station: Thiruvalla Railway Station is only 4 kilometres away

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