Let's grow breadfruit that is more nutritious than jackfruit
Breadfruit is an evergreen tree that is native to New Guinea, Philippines and Indomalayan islands, but it is commonly found in all tropical countries. The tree grows upto a height of 18 meters. A 25-year-old tree gives upto 50-150 fruits. The breadfruit weighs about 300-500 grams and resembles small jackfruit.
In Kerala, breadfruit is locally known as 'Kadachakka'. The tree blooms during March-April in the climate of Kerala. The flowers take upto three months to turn into fruits. The raw fruits are green in colour and becomes light yellow when they ripe.
Breadfruit is more nutritious than jackfruit as it is a rich source of carbohydrate, fibers, iodine, pectin, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, carotene, Vitamin A and E and anti-oxidants.
- Breadfruit flourishes in any type of water permeable soil where sunlight is available aplenty. The saplings emerges from roots or grafted saplings can be used for planting.
- Dig square-shaped holes on the ground with one metre long sides. The holes should be at a distance of 15 metre from each other.
- Add cattle manure or compost as base fertilizer in the holes and cover it with top soil. Then plant the saplings by the onset of monsoon.
- Irrigate the plant regularly during summer and mulch the flowerbed to protect it from intense heat. Breadfruit becomes ready to harvest by May-June in Kerala.
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