How to tackle premature fruit drop in breadfruit tree
Breadfruit is a nutritious and delicious vegetable and is used to make a variety of dishes. However, the premature fruit drop is a challenge in breadfruit cultivation. The major reason for this can be fungal infection or lack of moisture in soil.
Fungal infection is often found during the south west monsoon. The fruits that are infected with fungus can be easily identified with the colour change and growth of fungus on it. These fruits drop before attaining full growth.
In order to tackle this problem, one percent Bordeaux mixture or a solution made by 2-4 grams of copper oxychloride mixed in 1 litre water can be sprinkled on the plant. It is ideal to sprinkle the solution before the plant start blooming and during the fruit bearing season.
Lack of moisture in soil is another challenge in breadfruit cultivation. Though the tree is resistant to drought, the fruits may drop if the dryness persists for longer. Watering the plants at regular intervals can help reduce fruit drop due to lack of moisture.
When surplus production happens, breadfruit trees tend to drop some of the fruits as part of survival. Also improper pollination can result in premature fruit drop, as per scientific observations. The tree may even drop its flowers in order to reduce surplus production.