How to improve yield of drumstick tree?
Drumstick tree aka Moringa is a crop that has many peculiarities. The plant prefers summer and drought. It tries to reduce evaporation by dropping the leaves during summer. Its flowers also fall during this stage.
Drumstick tree requires lack of soil moisture for upto 20-30 days to bloom well. However, a little amount of moisture should be ensured by watering every 7-10 days. Excess irrigation can affect production.
Drumstick blooms during the month of February-March. So, it is ideal to stop watering during this period. Regular irrigation and excess moisture will stop the plant from blooming.
Drumstick also does not require large amount of fertilizers. Make a ring shaped pit around the tree during monsoon and fill it with leaves, ash and organic fertilizers. This will boost production. In Tamil Nadu, farmers give upto 5-10 kilograms of chicken manure for one tree.
Mix 10 kilogram dried cow dung powder, 1 kilogram neem cake, 500 grams Rajphos and 1 kilogram ash. Add this mixture at the bottom of every tree. In order to improve production, start pruning the tree when it grows to a height of 2 feet and repeat the same every 25 days.
(Prepared by Suresh Muthukulam)