How to differentiate edible fig tree
Fig trees are commonly found in many campuses in Kerala. But when they bear fruits, people often seem to be confused whether they are actually edible or not. To avoid this ambiguities, we have to make sure that we are planting the right fig tree that gives edible fruits.
The fig variety known as Ficus auriculata that belongs to the Capri fig category is commonly found in most places. It is a shady tree and has wide single leaves and fruits emerge from the branches. The leaves are used for serving or covering food. But its fruits are not generally edible. However, it can be used to make dishes after removing the sap from the fruit.
The edible fig tree belongs to the common fig category and is known as Ficus carica. Its leaves have at least three lobes and the fruits are found singly. The dried fig has properties that can treat constipation.
Fig is rich with potassium and is able to regulate blood pressure. Being rich with iron, it can cure anaemia. It can also reduce cholesterol because of high fibre content. With a lower Glycemic index value, fig is ideal to be included in the diet of diabetic patients.
Planting a fig tree
- Buy a sapling that belongs to common fig category and not a Capri fig.
- Longer summer, plenty of sunlight and moderate irrigation are good for fig tree.
- When the fruits ripen, heavy rainfall and high humidity can be harmful.
- Rooted stem cuttings are used for planting.
- Choose water permeable soil where sunlight is available for planting.
- Make holes that have 2.5 feet length, width and depth each.
- Leave a distance of 5 metre between two holes.
- Fill the holes with 25 kg cow dung powder before planting.
- The tree start bearing fruits within 2-3 years.
- The fruits need to ripen on the tree itself.
- Once they are fully ripe, the fruits begin to hang down slightly.
- Pluck the fruits without causing any damage to them.
- Fruits can be stored for many days as it has rather long shelf life.