10 tips to boost yield of snake gourd
The vegetable farmers might have faced the problem of low yield of snake gourd which causes them loss. But we can improve yield with some tips. Here are ten ideas to ensure growth of snake gourd and boost yield.
1. Base fertiliser
Make a flowerbed with one meter length and width. Then till the flowerbed at half a feet depth and add organic fertiliser or cow dung powder as base fertiliser. Also add 100 grams of lime or dolomite and 100 grams of neem cake. Then water the flowerbed for three days before sowing seeds.
2. Quality seeds
Choose local or hybrid varieties of seeds. Ensure the quality of seeds, source that supplied it and expiry date. The seeds can be germinated by keeping inside banana stem or soaking in cow dung. If it is to be sowed directly in soil, soak the seeds in water for at least 6 hours.
Choose a water permeable place where sunlight is available aplenty to sow the seeds. If the flowerbed is puddled with water before the vines grow, its roots are likely to perish.
4. Healthy saplings
There should be maximum 3-4 saplings in one flowerbed. Only healthy plants should be allowed to grow.
5. Prune the vine
Once the vine begins to spread on the trellis, the small vines sprouting from the bottom should be pruned. This will make the vine stronger and boost the yield.
6. Add fertiliser
After the vine grows well, add 500 grams of organic fertiliser or cow dung powder for each plant. Diluted cow urine or diluted mixture of neem cake or groundnut cake soaked in cow dung solution can also be applied.
7. Remove weeds
Ensure all weeds are removed from the flowerbed regularly. The weeds often house insects that attack snake gourd vines and also they consume fertilisers.
Use dry leaves for mulching the flowerbed. This helps to ensure moisture and coolness in the flowerbed for longer. Also mulching is helpful for the growth of microbes in soil.
9. Organic growth booster
Mix 10 grams of milky white asofoetida in one litre of curd and sprinkle it on snake gourd leaves. This will help the plant bloom faster and bear fruits. A mixture of equal amount of coconut water and buttermilk also can be used for this.
Sometimes snake gourd does not bear fruit even after blooming. Mix 100 grams of honey or sugar in one litre water and sprinkle on flowers in evenings. This makes the plant bear fruits faster.
10. Organic pesticides
There is no use of applying pesticides after insects start attacking the plant. Instead, homemade organic pesticides can be applied even before the pest menace begins. Various types of bugs and flies can be avoided in this method.