With ‘organic fever’ conquering all Malayalis, most of us have already started small scale farming in our courtyards, rooftops, balconies and flats. As the vegetables available in the market are mostly contaminated with chemical fertiliser and pesticide residue, it is ideal to cultivate the crops for household purposes at home. However, the lack of effective organic fertilisers results in low yield.
Worm compost is effective because earthworms are capable of decomposing organic substances and dissolving them in the soil. They eat plenty of organic substances and defecate on top soil. This compost is highly nourishing and best for crops.
If a square shaped space with 1.5 metre sides can be spared at work area, kitchen or open terrace in the house, we can make compost required for the entire kitchen garden. Here are the tips to prepare worm compost at home easily and cost effectively.
A large container that has drain facility in the bottom is the major equipment required.
A barrel or box made of concrete, mud or plastic and has a diameter of one metre can be used.
Place a holed plastic sheet inside the barrel at its bottom.
Spread gravel soil in 3-inch thickness and coconut husk in 4-inch thickness.
Then spread some soil in a light layer and put the earthworms on it.
Close the opening of the barrel using iron net.
After this, spread the bio degradable waste from kitchen in the barrel every day.
It is ideal to pour diluted cow dung solution in the barrel every three days.
Cover the barrel with a wet cloth to regulate light.
Do not dump oily or spicy substances in the container.
Once the barrel is full, the compost will be ready in a week.
After the compost is prepared, remove the cloth.
While removing the cloth, the earthworms will go to the bottom of the barrel.
Collect only the compost without earthworms.
The compost can be filtered and dried for using later or can be freshly served to the plants.
The slurry drained from the compost also is a fertiliser.
Fit a pipe to the bottom of the barrel to collect the slurry.
This can be diluted by adding water and pour at the bottom of the plants.
Worm compost is three times more beneficial than cow dung.
It is ideal for the crops planted in grow bags and flower pots.
This will help boost productivity and maintain plant health.
Now ready-made containers for making worm compost are available in the market.
The earthworms for the compost can be bought from the sales point of agriculture markets.