Mushroom farming becomes more popular during lockdown; fetches Rs 400 per kg
Many farmers have successfully tried mushroom farming during the lockdown. The Regional Agricultural Research Station in Kumarakom in Kottayam had a record sale of oyster mushroom during this period, They sold 1520 packets of oyster mushroom spores within 3 months. This was only 739 packets in the previous year.
Mushroom has no seeds. Its spawns are developed by placing mushroom spores on paddy seeds in laboratory.
Only paddy straws and plastic cover is required for cultivating mushrooms. The paddy straws are boiled for one hour and dried under sun.
Fill the straws in a plastic cover that has 2 feet length and 1 feet width. Then make holes on the cover.
Place the spores on a layer of straws and then put more straws on it. Repeat this until the cover is filled with layers of spores and straws. These are called mushroom beds.
Upto six mushroom beds can be made in a cover. Hang the cover in a dark, cold room with a temperature of 25-30 degree Celsius.
After 3 weeks, shift the covers to another room that has sufficient air circulation and mild sunlight. The mushrooms sprout within one week.
A mushroom bed lasts for upto two months. Mushroom can be harvested upto 3-4 times in the last month. About one kilogram of mushroom can be harvested from one bed.
As a food item, mushroom is popular among Keralites. It fetches about Rs 400 per kilogram. A packet of oyster mushroom spores costs Rs 40 at the Regional Agricultural Research Station in Kumarakom. Two beds can be prepared using one packet of spores.
For more details, contact - 0481- 25244 21, 9447703321