Poinsettia is a plant widely used for decoration during Christmas and Easter seasons. Scientific named Euphorbia Pulcherrima, the plant is native to Mexico. The dark red and green foliage of the plant is a major attraction. The plant is mostly imported in America.
The plant grows upto a height of 2-13 meters. The dark green and red leaves are 7-16 cm long. Sometimes, orange, cream, pink and white colour leaves also are found among the foliage. There are more than 100 varieties of poinsettia plant.
The star shaped leaves symbolizes the Star of Bethlehem and the dark red leaves signifies the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Poinsettia leaves are widely used for Christmas, Easter, New Year and Valentine’s Day decorations. They are available in shops, medical shops and hardware stores.
Poinsettia is planted in flower pots and are placed in areas where sunlight is available in plenty. It is also planted directly in the soil outside households and later replanted in flower pots following bonsai method. The farmers are very fond of poinsettia because it brings them immense profit.
The major threat while growing poinsettia is different types of diseases. Attack of fungal diseases is the most common trouble. The animals and humans who consume its leaves are affected with skin disease, diarrhea, vomiting and temporary loss of vision.