Plant roses in November; Reap flowers in December
Rose blooms well only when its planting, pruning, fertilisation and pest control are managed well. It is ideal to plant rose in the beginning of November. Pruning and fertilisation should be done by the first half of November itself.
If the plant is properly irrigated and fertilised, it will begin blooming by December last. After the flowers blossom, the plant needs to be taken care again to get more flowers in the summer.
- Pruning is important for rose, because removing unnecessary branches and leaves will give more flowers.
- Only 4-5 healthy branches should remain on the plant after pruning. Also they should not be longer than one feet.
- Use a sharp knife or blade for pruning. The branches should be cut slanted downwards without damaging its bark.
- While pruning, choose healthy rose plants first and leave the diseased plants for later.
- If sick plants are pruned, the diseases are likely spread through the knife.
There are multiple varieties of rose available in the market such as hybrid tea, Floribunda, Polyantha and miniature. The pruning methods for each variety is different.
Hybrid tea rose
Leave 4-5 healthy branches on the plant and cut others at 4 inches from the bottom. Keep the topmost bud and prune cutting should be slanted.
This rose require only a slight pruning. Remove the old branches and keep the tender ones.
Soft pruning is suitable for Polyantha rose. The growing tip of the plant should be plucked away. Apply Bordeaux mix on the cut ends.
Only dead branches of this rose need to be removed while pruning.
Tips for farming rose
- Move the soil at the bottom of the plant and irrigate regularly.
- New rose plants can be planted either in flowerpots or directly in soil.
- Places where direct sunlight is available are suitable for planting rose.
- If rose is planted under shade, it will affect flowering and immunity.
- Give 5 kg cow dung powder or compost to each plant before pruning.
- Once the new shoots begin to grow, give 30 gm of rose mixture fertiliser to each plant.
- Groundnut cake, bone manure and neem cake also are good fertilisers.
- Urea, Mussoorie phosphate rock and Muriate of potash mixed in 1:3:2 ratio can be applied to rose.
- Mix 20 gm Pseudomonas in one litre water and pour it at the bottom of plant and sprinkle on leaves.