Adenium, also known as desert rose, is a beautiful flowering plant that finds special place in every garden. Most of the flowering plants are charming only when they are grown as a group. On the contrary, desert rose can blow the mind of beholder with a single plant.
Desert rose is noted for its varieties in shape and colour. Apart from the traditional flower with single layer of petals, varities of desert rose is also found with double and triple layer of petals, much similar to rose flower.
Earlier, desert rose flowers were available only in pink colour whereas yellow, violet, red and white flowers also are seen now. The major advantage of desert rose is that it blooms multiple times a year. So, it is ideal for planting in flower pots.
This foreign plant is suitable for bonsai gardening. Bonsai is prepared by crisscrossing the stems of two or more plants in a shape of our choice. A dry garden can be prepared by planting desert rose amid pebbles. A variety called Adenium arabicum can be easily grown in bonsai method.
Plastic pots are ideal for growing desert rose. Plastic pots that have a size of 10-12 inches, plastic bowls and bonsai pots can be used for planting desert rose.
Potting soil can be made by mixing sand / perlite (one pot), coconut husk (one pot), red soil (half a pot), dry goat manure or cow dung powder, neem cake (100 gram), bone meal (100 gram) and lime (50 gram).
While planting the sapling, the spherical bottom of the plant should be seen above the potting soil.
Pruning and care
The saplings grown by sowing seeds need pruning when they are 6-7 months old. The grafted saplings need not be pruned until they are one year old.
For pruning desert rose, cut the stem 4-5 inch above the bottom.
The weather after heavy monsoon is the best time for pruning desert rose. The sprouts on the pruned stems bloom well in favourable weather.
Once the stems are pruned, apply some fungicides on the cut portion to avoid fungal infections.
Desert rose need to be planted in a place where direct sunlight is available in plenty. The plant should be watered lightly once in a day.
Daily watering will help to increase the life of the flower. During monsoon, protect the plant from direct rainfall. Water the plant, if the potting soil is found dry.
Dry goat manure, diluted solution of groundnut cake and neem cake, diluted cow urine and NPK fertiliser in 18:18:18 ratio can be applied as fertilizer.
Adding bone meal in the fertiliser mixture will help the plant to blossom well. The plant can be replanted after a few years by replacing the potting soil.
Mix 3g Indofil fungicide in one litre water and add in the potting mix to prevent root rot.
Sprinkle Indofil fungicide once in two weeks to avoid fungal infections during monsoon.
Mix 2 ml Contaf / Tatamida fungicide in one litre water and apply once in two weeks to avoid insect attacks.
To avoid worm attack, cut the stems and apply fungicide.
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