Did you ever think that goat farming is not a good business? This farmer from Thrissur will change this. He proves that if you have 10 litres of goat milk a day, you can earn Rs 1000 easily. If you have goats with surplus milk production, you can earn at least Rs 4 lakh a year. Because goat milk has great demand in the market due to its medicinal value.
Radhakrishnan, a farmer who works as lab assistant in Thrissur Govt. Training College (Institute of Advanced Study in Education) has been running goat farm of various breeds of goats at Mattampuram here. He has to share a surprising story of success in animal husbandry.
If you have best goat breeds, you can make good profit out of milk supply, says Radhakrishnan.
When Radhakrishnan arrives at the farm, a little goat belonging to Beetal breed, welcomes him. Radhakrishnan lifts and cuddle it with great affection. It takes rest on the farmer’s shoulder like a baby. Everyone enjoys this cute sight at the dairy farm.
The farm is situated close to Radhakrishnan’s residence. Every day he arrives at 6 in the morning. He completes the work including feeding animals and milking. After finishing all this, he joins duty at the college by 10 in the morning. When he returns from work, he will be back as dairy farmer at the farm till 9 pm.
Radhakrishnan’s mother Leela, wife Sandhya, who is a staff at Punnamparambu cooperative bank, and two children Ameya and Anasooya always support him to successfully run the farm.
Radhakrishnan sells over 10 litres of milk to Oushadhi, a state government-owned Ayurvedic medicine manufacturing company. The goat milk is primarily used to produce Neelibringadi Thailam (hair oil), Neelibringadi Velichenna (coconut oil) and Anu Thailam (oil for Nasya treatment).
“I get 12 litres of milk daily from 6 goats in the farm. I earn Rs 100 per litre of milk,” said Radhakrishnan.
He earns a monthly income around Rs 36,000 from goat milk supply only.
Compared to other breeds, Jamnapari goats yield milk for a longer period and is popular as best breed of goat. This breed is commonly found in Uttar Pradesh.
“Earlier, different breeds are brought to Kerala from various places in North India. There are many agents based in cattle markets. These agents will take us to the rural areas. Many ordinary farmers rear Jamnapari in the small farms in the backyard of their houses. Though their farm looks tiny, large number of goats are reared in these farms,” said Radhakrishnan.
The expensive breeds of goats are taken to Kerala from these farmers in North India. The age of a goat is determined by counting its tooth.
“If a goat has two tooth, it is one year old. A one-year-old Jamnapari will have at least 50 kg. The best one in this breed is identified by examining the length of its ear and hair on the hind legs,” added Radhakrishnan.
A Jamnapari goat costs Rs 50,000. The goat is transported to Kerala by train. It is boarded to the guard room in the train by wearing a tag of the train ticket. Radhakrishnan used to go to the railway station to take the goat to his farm.
He noted that sometimes, some people purchase the goat from the railway station itself.
Radhakrishnan has reared 70 different breeds of goats in his farm. Radhakrishnan takes the best breeds including Pashmina and Osmanabadi to his farm from North Indian villages.Beetal, Jamnapari, Sirohi, Karoli and Sojat are the other goat breeds in the farm.
Beetal goat in black colour is the most profitable breed for farmers. It is highly milk productive and suitable for commercial meat production. It is preferred for intensive farming and proved as best in reproduction and milking.
Osmanabadi is a popular breed reared for meat and milk. Most of these goats are seen in black. A mature female goats gain up to 30-40 kg weight and is 60 cm tall. Whereas a male goats gains up to 40-50 kg and is 70 cm tall. Osmanabadi goats will have 8 to 12 baby goats in its breeding period.
Sirohi is popular as the strongest goat of Rajasthan. The major speciality of the goat is its resistance to any climate. This goat yields 1.5 litre milk per day.
Sojat is a heavy breed primarily raised for meat production. Compared to other breeds, its milk yield is low. It is popular for its heavy size.