In a study staged by Kerala Agricultural University, it has been found that the indigenous varieties of mango in Kerala are decreasing in number. A huge decline was witnessed in the number of indigenous mango trees. The university has also started attempts to preserve the local mangoes.
A research on ‘Karpoora Maanga’ (Camphor Mango), which is top rated for its taste, aroma, size and quality, has begun in the Krishi Vigyan Kendra at Sadanandapuram in Kollam. The name came from its unique aroma of camphor.
The research team intends to develop quality seeds from top standard Karpoora mango trees. The research is led by Prof. Bindhu Podikunju. They have found 130 Karpoora mango trees in Kollam district alone. Also they have started attempts to find out the trees in Pathanamthitta and Thiruvananthapuram districts.
Kerala is rich in hundreds of indigenous mango varieties such as Chandrakkaran, Kilichundan, Moovandan, Panjara Varikka, Kottukonam, Neelam, Vellari, Puliyan, Gomaanga, Chakkara maanga, Vellamkolli and the like. The hybrid varieties do not provide as much variety tastes as indigenous mangoes.
The local mango varieties are fleshy and rich in fibre and other nutrients. The new mango varieties that are noted for their large size and bright colours contain less fibre in them. The indigenous varieties of mangoes started disappearing with the arrival of hybrid and foreign trees.
The farmers in Pathanamthitta and Thiruvananthapuram districts who have Karpoora mango trees are directed to inform the details at Kollam Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Contact number: 8137840196